Evolution of the Biopsychosocial Model: Prospects and Challenges for Health Psychology

Jerry Suls, Alex Rothman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

220 Scopus citations


Although advances have been made in specifying connections between biological, psychological, and social processes, the full potential of the biopsychosocial model for health psychology remains untapped. In this article, 4 areas that need to be addressed to ensure the continued evolution of the biopsychosocial model are identified and a series of recommendations concerning initiatives directed at research, training, practice and intervention, and policy are delineated. These recommendations emphasize the need to better understand and utilize linkages among biological, psychological, social, and macrocultural variables. Activities that facilitate the adoption of a multisystem, multilevel, and multivariate orientation among scientists, practitioners, and policymakers will most effectively lead to the kinds of transdisciplinary contributions envisioned by the biopsychosocial perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2004


  • Behavioral medicine
  • Biopsychosocial model
  • Health psychology


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