Research supports the importance of medical nutrition therapy in achieving diabetes treatment goals. For persons requiring insulin therapy, the first priority is to integrate an insulin regimen into the patient's lifestyle. For type 2 diabetes, the priority is to focus on lifestyle strategies (that is, nutrition and exercise) that will improve metabolic outcomes at diagnosis and as the disease progresses. Patients with diabetes need nutrition recommendations that are supported by scientific evidence and that can be easily understood and translated into everyday life. To achieve positive outcomes, a coordinated team effort that provides continued education and support is essential.