Evolution in Response to Climate Change

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Evolution proceeds unceasingly in all biological populations. Consequently, there is no doubt that natural populations will continue to evolve and, in particular, that adaptation to changing climate is possible, in principle. However, it remains unclear how the several evolutionary processes - natural selection, mutation, gene flow between divergent populations, and genetic drift - will jointly alter any single population, or the biota collectively. Even though natural selection is likely to proceed, there is insufficient basis to predict for how many species or which species the rate and extent of adaptive evolution will be adequate for populations to persist, especially given the very high rates of environmental change expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages385-391
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Environmental response
  • Evolutionary response
  • Extinction
  • Gene flow
  • Genetic drift
  • Habitat fragmentation
  • Heritability
  • Mutation
  • Phenotypic plasticity
  • Quantitative genetics

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  • Cite this

    Etterson, J. R., & Shaw, R. G. (2013). Evolution in Response to Climate Change. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition (pp. 385-391). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00398-1