The effects of naloxone, its dextro-stereisomer, and five other narcotic antagonists were determined on water intake induced by intracellular dehydration in the mouse. The intraperitoneal administration of a 2M sodium chloride solution served as the model for intracellular dehydration. 1-Naloxone (0.01-10 mg/kg) reduced drinking in a dose-dependent fashion with an ED50 of 0.55 mg/kg. In contrast, d-naloxone failed to suppress water consumption at doses up to 10 mg/kg. The other narcotic antagonists tested --- naltrexone, diprenorphine, levallorphan, oxilorphan, and nalorphine --- also produced dose-dependent decreases in water consumption. The order of potency of these narcotic antagonists in suppressing water intake was highly correlated with their orders of potency in other procedures involving the opiate receptor. The stereoselectivity and order of potency suggest that the suppressant effects of the narcotic antagonists on drinking induced by hypertonic saline administration in the mouse are mediated through an opiate receptor-dependent mechanism.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This investigation was supported in part by USPHS Grants TO1 GMO0179,