Evidence for endogenous formation of the hepatocarcinogen N-nitrosodihydrouracil in rats treated with dihydrouracil and sodium nitrite: A potential source of human hepatic DNA carboxyethylation

Mingyao Wang, Guang Cheng, Samir S. Khariwala, Dipankar Bandyopadhyay, Peter W. Villalta, Silvia Balbo, Stephen S. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

An earlier study demonstrated that hydrolysates of all human liver DNA samples analyzed contain the DNA adduct 7-(2′-carboxyethyl)guanine (7-CEGua) with an average level of 74.6 adducts per 109 nucleotides. One possible source of this DNA adduct would be endogenous nitrosation of the normal pyrimidine metabolites dihydrouracil (DHU) and β-ureidopropionic acid (β-UPA), yielding the corresponding nitroso compounds N-nitrosodihydrouracil, a potent hepatocarcinogen, and N-nitroso-β-ureidopropionic acid. Another potential source would be reaction of endogenously formed acrylic acid with DNA. We tested these hypotheses in a study in which rats were treated with NaNO2 in the drinking water, alone, or in combination with dietary DHU or β-UPA, or with acrylic acid in the drinking water, for either 2 or 4 weeks. Hepatic DNA from these rats was analyzed for 7-CEGua, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-selected reaction monitoring with confirmation by high resolution mass spectrometry. The results demonstrated consistent statistically significant increases of 7-CEGua in hepatic DNA of the rats treated with the combination of NaNO2 and DHU compared to the corresponding controls, while the other treatments gave variable results. These results support the hypothesis that endogenous nitrosation of DHU could be a major source of 7-CEGua in human hepatic DNA. Development of methodology for analysis of 7-CEGua in human leukocyte DNA is also reported, which will allow testing of this hypothesis in epidemiologic and clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume206
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • 7-(2′-carboxyethyl)guanine
  • Acrylic acid
  • Dihydrouracil
  • Endogenous nitrosation
  • N-Nitrosodihydrouracil
  • β-Ureidopropionic acid

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