Evidence amalgamation in the sciences

an introduction

Samuel C Fletcher, Jürgen Landes, Roland Poellinger

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Abstract

Amalgamating evidence from heterogeneous sources and across levels of inquiry is becoming increasingly important in many pure and applied sciences. This special issue provides a forum for researchers from diverse scientific and philosophical perspectives to discuss evidence amalgamation, its methodologies, its history, its pitfalls, and its potential. We situate the contributions therein within six themes from the broad literature on this subject: the variety-of-evidence thesis, the philosophy of meta-analysis, the role of robustness/sensitivity analysis for evidence amalgamation, its bearing on questions of extrapolation and external validity of experiments, its connection with theory development, and its interface with causal inference, especially regarding causal theories of cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3163-3188
Number of pages26
JournalSynthese
Volume196
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2019

Fingerprint

science
evidence
applied science
development theory
cancer
Amalgamation
experiment
methodology
history
philosophy
literature
External Validity
Robustness
Causal Theory
Philosophy
Meta-analysis
Cancer
Pitfalls
Extrapolation
Causal Inference

Keywords

  • Causal inference
  • Causal theories of cancer
  • External validity
  • Extrapolation
  • Meta-analysis
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Theory development
  • Variety-of-evidence thesis

Cite this

Evidence amalgamation in the sciences : an introduction. / Fletcher, Samuel C; Landes, Jürgen; Poellinger, Roland.

In: Synthese, Vol. 196, No. 8, 15.08.2019, p. 3163-3188.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Fletcher, Samuel C ; Landes, Jürgen ; Poellinger, Roland. / Evidence amalgamation in the sciences : an introduction. In: Synthese. 2019 ; Vol. 196, No. 8. pp. 3163-3188.
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