Event- and outcome-driven explanations of entrepreneurship

Andrew H. Van de Ven, Rhonda M. Engleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

155 Scopus citations


Aldrich [J. Manag. Inq. 10 (2001) 115] importantly points out that not all forms of process research are equal or the same. He emphasizes the need to distinguish between outcome-driven and event-driven research. We build upon Aldrich's distinctions, arguing that event-driven and outcome-driven explanations represent different kinds of process and variance theories that are based on fundamentally different ontological assumptions. We examine and compare these variance and process theory assumptions in order to sharpen our understanding of process theory as distinct and not derivable from variance theory. We conclude by arguing that variance and process theories must be evaluated on their own items.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-358
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Business Venturing
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2004


  • Entrepreneurship
  • Process theory
  • Research methods

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