Evaluation of the radial immunodiffusion enzyme assay for the detection of antibodies to pseudorabies virus.

D. G. Thawley, Han S Joo, M. E. Johnson, R. F. Solorzano

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4 Scopus citations


The validity of radial immunodiffusion enzyme assay (RIDEA) as a diagnostic test for antibodies to pseudorabies virus (PRV) in porcine serum was determined. Serum samples from sows and offspring were tested for the presence of antibodies to PRV, using both the RIDEA and the PRV serum-neutralization (SN) test. Overall sensitivity and specificity of the RIDEA done on serums from the sows were 95.7% and 95.2%, respectively. This sensitivity compares with 97.3% sensitivity of the SN test of the same serums. In 658 swine serum samples from routine submissions to the University of Missouri-Columbia Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory that were tested by the RIDEA, the calculated sensitivity and the specificity were 94.3% and 98.9%. The RIDEA and SN test were equally sensitive (99.0%) to detect antibodies resulting from infection with a field strain of virus. They had reduced sensitivity (RIDEA, 91.7%; SN test, 95.2%) in tests of serums from vaccinated sows. For the detection of passively transferred antibodies in young pigs, sensitivity of the RIDEA was 76.1%, and specificity was 100%. In all instances, RIDEA was 100% sensitive at SN titers of 1:16 or greater. In testing serum samples of swine after field virus infection, sensitivity and specificity of the RIDEA approximated those of the SN test. This reliability, together with its ease of performance, makes the RIDEA an ideal field test in programs to detect PRV-infected herds and in programs designed to free herds of PRV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1080-1083
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 1985


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