We investigated the association between the presence of papular dermatitis and sarcoptic mite infestation in pigs slaughtered in southern Minnesota. Following dehairing, a sample of 30 pigs from each of 50 herds was inspected for papular dermatitis lesions. Herds were selected after being categorized into one of five categories according to the prevalence and severity of dermatitis lesions. Herd infestation with sarcoptic mange was determined by recovery of mites from ear scrapings of slaughtered pigs and also by survey of producer opinion. Mite infestation was detected in 28 herds (56%) and 215 of 1500 pigs (14%). Considerable variability in prevalence of positive scrapings, ranging from one pig (3%) to 19 pigs (63%), was found among infested herds. Prevalence of mite infestation was positively associated with severity of papular dermatitis lesions in groups. For individual pigs, estimates of the specificity of localized lesions ranged from 0.70 to 0.90. Generalized lesions appear highly specific (>0.98) for sarcoptic mite hypersensitivity. Generalized lesions occurred in 36.7% of pigs from herds confirmed to be infested, compared with 0.4% of pigs in herds confirmed free from mange. Our data indicate that monitoring of dermatitis lesions in slaughtered pigs might be a useful test for sarcoptic mange in the Midwest, USA.
- Sarcoptes scabiei