Evaluation of the European PMP methodologies during on-road testing

Heejung Jung, Kent C. Johnson, Thomas D. Durbin, Ajay Chaudhary, David R. Cocker, Jorn D. Herner, William H. Robertson, Tao Huai, Alberto Ayala, David B. Kittelson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As regulatory limits in the US for 2007 heavy-duty diesel engines introduce dramatic reductions in PM emissions, there is considerable interest in new emission metrology that can more accurately measure low PM levels. One such metrology, particle number measurement, has been extensively investigated in Europe as part of Europe's Particle Measurement Programme (PMP). This program has put forth a new methodology, including instrument specifications and sampling protocols, for "solid" particle number measurements. While counting only solid particles results in better precision, it may not be fully indicative of the diesel PM exhaust components of interest from a health effects perspective. The PMP protocol still represents a significant advancement as it is currently the only methodology with low enough detection limits to produce precise measurements of DPF equipped engines. The specific objective of this study was to critically evaluate the proposed PMP method for determining "solid" particle number emissions from in-use heavy-duty vehicles during "real-world" over-the-road driving. For this program, CARB sought to conduct testing over the road with the CECERT mobile emissions laboratory (MEL). PMP compliant dilution systems for measuring solid particle number were tested along with a full suite of other particle measurements and compared directly with filter-based PM measurements on a heavy-duty truck equipped with a DPF. Gravimetric PM filter mass measurements were near detection limits for most of driving cycle, which makes it desirable to explore new PM measurement protocol. The particle number measurements using PMP method showed a lower coefficient of variation than the PM filter mass measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Spring Meeting 2008
PublisherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute
Pages75-84
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781605609874
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
EventWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Spring Meeting 2008 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Mar 17 2008Mar 18 2008

Publication series

NameWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Spring Meeting 2008

Other

OtherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute Spring Meeting 2008
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period3/17/083/18/08

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    Jung, H., Johnson, K. C., Durbin, T. D., Chaudhary, A., Cocker, D. R., Herner, J. D., Robertson, W. H., Huai, T., Ayala, A., & Kittelson, D. B. (2008). Evaluation of the European PMP methodologies during on-road testing. In Western States Section/Combustion Institute Spring Meeting 2008 (pp. 75-84). (Western States Section/Combustion Institute Spring Meeting 2008). Western States Section/Combustion Institute.