Evaluation of the brief questionnaire of smoking urges in black light smokers

Rebecca L. Clausius, Ron Krebill, Matthew S. Mayo, Carrie Bronars, Laura Martin, Jasjit S. Ahluwalia, Lisa Sanderson Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Introduction: This study evaluated the factor structure of the Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU-Brief) within a sample of Black light smokers (1 - 10 cigarettes per day). Methods: The QSU-Brief was administered to 540 (mean age = 46.5; 66.1% women) urban Black light smokers upon entering a smoking cessation clinical trial. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted to evaluate the factor structure of this 10-item measure. Results: An EFA indicated that as in other samples, the construct of craving in a Black sample is defi ned by 2 factors; 1 factor emphasizing the positive reinforcement of smoking and the other factor emphasizing the negative reinforcement properties of smoking. Conclusions: Findings largely replicate a 2-factor structure of craving seen in smokers from other racial/ethnic groups, demonstrating the clinical utility of the QSU-Brief in measuring craving in Black light smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1110-1114
Number of pages5
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2012

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