Evaluation of the agar-gel immunodiffusion test for the detection of precipitating antibodies against progressive pneumonia virus of sheep

T. W. Molitor, I. A. Schipper, D. L. Berryhill, M. R. Light

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Various cell cultures were evaluated for their ability to support progressive pneumonia virus infection in vitro. Ovine trachea cells supported progressive pneumonia virus infection for an extended time, were extremely durable and could be passaged up until 30 passages. Progressive pneumonia virus infected ovine trachea cells were then used for the production of antigen for agar-gel immunodiffusion. A method for concentrating antigen, diafiltration, was compared to dialysis against polyethylene glycol. Using diafiltration, the concentrated virus was easily quantitated, less viscous (and therefore easier to apply) and only produced one precipitation line. Agar-gel immunodiffusion was used to survey 401 animals from two sheep flocks. One flock (96 sheep) was free of progressive pneumonia while the other flock had 111 of 305 total animals positive for precipitating antibodies. The incidence of precipitating antibodies in sheep ranged from 23% for yearling ewes to 80% in ewes seven years old.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-287
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Comparative Medicine
Volume43
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1979

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