Evaluation of solid-phase chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and latex agglutination tests for screening toxoplasma IgG in samples obtained from cats and pigs

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Abstract

Serum samples from cats and pigs were analyzed by the solid-phase chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (SPCEI), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and indirect latex agglutination (ILA) methods. The SPCEI and ILA methods accurately analyzed Toxoplasma IgG (T-IgG) in both clinical and spiked samples from pigs and cats. The ELISA method accurately analyzed T-IgG in spiked samples from cats and pigs or clinical samples from pigs, but it did not accurately analyze T-IgG in clinical samples from cats. The antibody used in the ELISA kit did not cross-react with cat T-IgG. The SPCEI method that uses a stand-alone automated analyzer provided quantitative analysis, whereas the ELISA and ILA methods provided qualitative or, at best, semiquantitative analysis of T-IgG. The SPCEI and ELISA methods were rapid (60-90 minutes for 30 samples), whereas the ILA method required 13-15 hours for 30 samples. Although the three methods accurately distinguished positive from negative samples, the ILA method yielded many weakly positive results that were not confirmed by either the ELISA or SPCEI method. Thus, the indirect agglutination tests may give nonspecific responses at lower T-IgG concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Latex Fixation Tests
latex agglutination test
Toxoplasma
enzyme immunoassays
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Cats
Swine
Immunoglobulin G
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
cats
screening
swine
agglutination
latex
Agglutination
Latex
sampling
methodology
Agglutination Tests

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of solid-phase chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and latex agglutination tests for screening toxoplasma IgG in samples obtained from cats and pigs",
abstract = "Serum samples from cats and pigs were analyzed by the solid-phase chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (SPCEI), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and indirect latex agglutination (ILA) methods. The SPCEI and ILA methods accurately analyzed Toxoplasma IgG (T-IgG) in both clinical and spiked samples from pigs and cats. The ELISA method accurately analyzed T-IgG in spiked samples from cats and pigs or clinical samples from pigs, but it did not accurately analyze T-IgG in clinical samples from cats. The antibody used in the ELISA kit did not cross-react with cat T-IgG. The SPCEI method that uses a stand-alone automated analyzer provided quantitative analysis, whereas the ELISA and ILA methods provided qualitative or, at best, semiquantitative analysis of T-IgG. The SPCEI and ELISA methods were rapid (60-90 minutes for 30 samples), whereas the ILA method required 13-15 hours for 30 samples. Although the three methods accurately distinguished positive from negative samples, the ILA method yielded many weakly positive results that were not confirmed by either the ELISA or SPCEI method. Thus, the indirect agglutination tests may give nonspecific responses at lower T-IgG concentrations.",
author = "Singh, {Ashok K}",
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N2 - Serum samples from cats and pigs were analyzed by the solid-phase chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (SPCEI), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and indirect latex agglutination (ILA) methods. The SPCEI and ILA methods accurately analyzed Toxoplasma IgG (T-IgG) in both clinical and spiked samples from pigs and cats. The ELISA method accurately analyzed T-IgG in spiked samples from cats and pigs or clinical samples from pigs, but it did not accurately analyze T-IgG in clinical samples from cats. The antibody used in the ELISA kit did not cross-react with cat T-IgG. The SPCEI method that uses a stand-alone automated analyzer provided quantitative analysis, whereas the ELISA and ILA methods provided qualitative or, at best, semiquantitative analysis of T-IgG. The SPCEI and ELISA methods were rapid (60-90 minutes for 30 samples), whereas the ILA method required 13-15 hours for 30 samples. Although the three methods accurately distinguished positive from negative samples, the ILA method yielded many weakly positive results that were not confirmed by either the ELISA or SPCEI method. Thus, the indirect agglutination tests may give nonspecific responses at lower T-IgG concentrations.

AB - Serum samples from cats and pigs were analyzed by the solid-phase chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (SPCEI), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and indirect latex agglutination (ILA) methods. The SPCEI and ILA methods accurately analyzed Toxoplasma IgG (T-IgG) in both clinical and spiked samples from pigs and cats. The ELISA method accurately analyzed T-IgG in spiked samples from cats and pigs or clinical samples from pigs, but it did not accurately analyze T-IgG in clinical samples from cats. The antibody used in the ELISA kit did not cross-react with cat T-IgG. The SPCEI method that uses a stand-alone automated analyzer provided quantitative analysis, whereas the ELISA and ILA methods provided qualitative or, at best, semiquantitative analysis of T-IgG. The SPCEI and ELISA methods were rapid (60-90 minutes for 30 samples), whereas the ILA method required 13-15 hours for 30 samples. Although the three methods accurately distinguished positive from negative samples, the ILA method yielded many weakly positive results that were not confirmed by either the ELISA or SPCEI method. Thus, the indirect agglutination tests may give nonspecific responses at lower T-IgG concentrations.

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