Evaluation of potential risk of transmission of avian influenza A viruses at live bird markets in response to unusual crow die-offs in Bangladesh

Mahbubur Rahman, Punam Mangtani, Timothy M. Uyeki, Jacqueline M. Cardwell, Montserrat Torremorell, Ariful Islam, Mohammed A. Samad, A. K.M. Muraduzzaman, Md Giasuddin, Sudipta Sarkar, A. S.M. Alamgir, M. Salimuzzaman, Meerjady S. Flora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In response to unusual crow die-offs from avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection during January-February 2017 in Dhaka, Bangladesh, a One Health team assessed potential infection risks in live bird markets (LBMs). Evidence of aerosolized avian influenza A viruses was detected in LBMs and in the respiratory tracts of market workers, indicating exposure and potential for infection. This study highlighted the importance of surveillance platforms with a coordinated One Health strategy to investigate and mitigate zoonotic risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-352
Number of pages4
JournalInfluenza and other Respiratory Viruses
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) and the EcoHealth Alliance for their support in the outbreak investigation and permission to use data. We are grateful to the members of the outbreak investigation team and to all the respondents for their participation. Ariful Islam is supported by USAID's Emerging Pandemic Threats PREDICT program (Cooperative Agreement No.AID-OAA-A-14-00102) through EcoHealth Alliance. Mahbubur Rahman is supported by the Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems?Associated PhD Studentship (ZELS-AS, award reference: 1681346). This program is part of the Behavioral adaptations in live poultry trading and farming systems and zoonoses control in Bangladesh (BALZAC) project and funded by ZELS, a joint research initiative between Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), Department for International Development (DFID), Economic and Social Sciences Research Council (ESRC), Medical Research Council (MRC), and Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). We thank Mohammed Ziaur Rahman of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) for rRT-PCR testing of air samples. The work was conducted as per general ethical guideline of IEDCR, as standard for outbreak investigations, and PhD research of Mahbubur Rahman was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of IEDCR. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Funding Information:
The authors thank the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) and the EcoHealth Alliance for their support in the outbreak investigation and permission to use data. We are grateful to the members of the outbreak investigation team and to all the respondents for their participation. Ariful Islam is supported by USAID's Emerging Pandemic Threats PREDICT program (Cooperative Agreement No.AID‐OAA‐A‐14‐00102) through EcoHealth Alliance. Mahbubur Rahman is supported by the Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems—Associated PhD Studentship (ZELS‐AS, award reference: 1681346). This program is part of the Behavioral adaptations in live poultry trading and farming systems and zoonoses control in Bangladesh (BALZAC) project and funded by ZELS, a joint research initiative between Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), Department for International Development (DFID), Economic and Social Sciences Research Council (ESRC), Medical Research Council (MRC), and Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). We thank Mohammed Ziaur Rahman of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) for rRT‐PCR testing of air samples. The work was conducted as per general ethical guideline of IEDCR, as standard for outbreak investigations, and PhD research of Mahbubur Rahman was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of IEDCR. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • Bangladesh
  • avian influenza
  • avian influenza A virus
  • influenza in birds
  • live bird market
  • pathogen transmission

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