Evaluation of multiple genomic targets for identification and confirmation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis isolates using real-time PCR

Sreekumari Rajeev, Yan Zhang, Srinand Sreevatsan, Alifiya S. Motiwala, Beverly Byrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Specificity of six previously published Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) genomic loci, including 10, 38, 56, 93, 251, and 252 were evaluated in this study. Target 251 which was identified as MAP-specific was further evaluated in 210 MAP isolates, 14 non-MAP mycobacterial species, 7 atypical mycobacterial isolates, and 9 other bacterial species using real-time PCR. A previously published IS900 primer and probe combination was used as a positive control along with a universal ribosomal DNA gene sequence (UVA) as an internal control to evaluate PCR inhibition. All MAP isolates were positive with IS900, 251, and UVA by real-time PCR. All non-MAP mycobacterial species except one atypical mycobacterial isolate and other bacterial species used in this study were negative for IS900. All of these species were negative for 251. The atypical mycobacterial isolate, positive for IS900 and UVA, was negative for 251. A combination of IS900 and 251 PCR is ideal for sensitive and specific confirmation of MAP isolates from conventional fecal cultures. This study also evaluated the specificity of 251 real-time PCR, on broth cultures from 50 known bovine fecal samples. Acid fast staining followed by IS900 and 251 real-time PCR can be used for accurate identification and confirmation of MAP from broth cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume105
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2005

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Paratuberculosis
  • Real-time PCR

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