Evaluation of an HMGA2 variant contribution to height and basal insulin concentrations in ponies

Brianna L. Clark, Nicholas J. Bamford, Allison J. Stewart, Molly E. McCue, Aaron Rendahl, Simon R. Bailey, François René Bertin, Elaine M. Norton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The HMGA2:c.83G>A variant was identified in Welsh ponies having pleiotropic effects on height and insulin concentration. Objective: Determine whether the HMGA2:c.83G>A variant is associated with decreased height and higher basal insulin concentrations across pony breeds. Animals: Two hundred thirty-six ponies across 6 breeds. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Ponies were genotyped for the HMGA2:c.83G>A variant and phenotyped for height and basal insulin concentrations. Stepwise regression was performed for model analysis using a linear regression model for height and mixed linear model for insulin with farm as a random effect. Coefficient of determination, pairwise comparison of the estimated marginal means and partial correlation coefficients (parcor) were calculated to assess the relationship between HMGA2 genotype and height or insulin. Results: Breed and genotype accounted for 90.5% of the variation in height across breeds, and genotype explained 21% to 44% of the variation within breeds. Breed, genotype, cresty neck score, sex, age, and farm accounted for 45.5% of the variation in insulin, with genotype accounting for 7.1%. The HMGA2 A allele frequency was 62% and correlated with both height (parcor = −0.39; P <.001) and insulin (parcor = 0.22; P =.02). Pairwise comparisons found A/A ponies were >10 cm shorter than other genotypes. Compared with G/G individuals, A/A and G/A individuals had 4.3 μIU/mL (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.8-10.5) and 2.7 μIU/mL (95% CI: 1.4-5.3) higher basal insulin concentrations, respectively. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: These data demonstrate the pleiotropic effects of the HMGA2:c.83G>A variant and its role in identifying ponies at increased risk for insulin dysregulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1186-1192
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of veterinary internal medicine
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding provided by The University of Queensland, School of Veterinary Science Companion Animal grant. This work was presented as an abstract at the 2020 American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Forum, On Demand. The authors thank the owners of the ponies for voluntary inclusion into the study.

Funding Information:
Funding provided by The University of Queensland, School of Veterinary Science Companion Animal grant. This work was presented as an abstract at the 2020 American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Forum, On Demand. The authors thank the owners of the ponies for voluntary inclusion into the study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

Keywords

  • Shetland
  • Welsh pony
  • endocrinology
  • equine metabolic syndrome
  • genetics
  • hyperinsulinemia-associated laminitis
  • insulin dysregulation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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