Numerical studies were performed to evaluate and compare four different algorithms for tomographically reconstructing pollutant concentrations in indoor air measured with an optical remote sensing system. With a remote sensing/computed tomography system, two-dimensional maps of air concentrations can be created for an entire room with good spatial and temporal resolution. The success of such a system for characterizing the flow of contaminants in air, exposure assessment, and leak detection depends on the choice of tomographic reconstruction algorithm. A systematic method was developed to evaluate the performance of four algorithms: ART, ART3, SIRT, and SART. One hundred and twenty test maps were reconstructed by each algorithm under ideal and nonideal sampling conditions, and image quality was evaluated using four criteria. The nonideal sampling conditions included simulation of measurement noise and reduction in the number density of rays. Performance of the algorithms was found to be intimately related to the number of peaks in the test maps. The importance of using multiple measures of image quality was underscored by the fact that for some sampling conditions simulated, performance of the algorithms was judged differently depending on the evaluation criteria. Results indicated that using numerical studies is successful for evaluating such algorithms.