A non-equilibrium Langmuir-Knudsen model for multi-component pure diesel and blended diesel/alcohol droplets is developed. This model takes into account most of the key processes during the droplet lifetime, including the finite heat conduction and limited mass diffusion inside the droplet, the differential diffusion in gas phase, and the non-equilibrium Langmuir-Knudsen evaporation law for multi-component droplets. The present model shows good agreements with experimental measurements for pure ethanol, diesel, and blended diesel/ethanol droplets. The non-equilibrium effects become significant when the initial droplet diameter is smaller than 20 μm, and these effects are enhanced with increasing ambient temperature and forced convection intensity. The non-equilibrium effects are more significant for the blended diesel/alcohol droplets than pure diesel, especially during the evaporation period of ethanol.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||AIAA Scitech 2020 Forum|
|Publisher||American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 2020|
|Event||AIAA Scitech Forum, 2020 - Orlando, United States|
Duration: Jan 6 2020 → Jan 10 2020
|Name||AIAA Scitech 2020 Forum|
|Conference||AIAA Scitech Forum, 2020|
|Period||1/6/20 → 1/10/20|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
S. Yang gratefully acknowledges the faculty start-up funding from the Department of Mechanical Engineering and College of Science and Engineering at the University of Minnesota. The authors gratefully acknowledge the computational resources from the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute (MSI).