Evaluation of a calculolytic diet in female dogs with induced struvite urolithiasis.

S. U. Abdullahi, C. A. Osborne, J. R. Leininger, T. F. Fletcher, D. P. Griffith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The calculolytic effect of a diet designed to reduce the urine concentration of urea, P, and Mg was evaluated in female Beagles with induced urease-positive urinary tract infections and struvite urolithiasis and in female Beagles with induced sterile struvite urolithiasis. The reduced-protein calculolytic diet induced urolith dissolution in 5 of 6 infected dogs with struvite urolithiasis in 2 to 5 months (means = 14.4 weeks). At the end of 6 months, uroliths in comparable control dogs fed a maintenance diet were 5 times larger and 14 times heavier than at the beginning of the study. The calculolytic diet induced urolith dissolution in 6 of 6 noninfected dogs with struvite uroliths in 2 to 4 weeks (means = 3.3 weeks). Four uroliths in noninfected dogs fed the maintenance diet dissolved over a period of 2 to 5 months (means = 14 weeks). Urolith dissolution in dogs fed the calculolytic diet was associated with diet-induced diuresis, reduction in urine pH, reduction in urine concentration of urea ammonia, P, and Mg, and increase in urine titratable acidity. Consumption of the calculolytic diet was also associated with significant (P = less than 0.01) reduction in the serum concentration of urea and albumin and a significant (P = less than 0.01) increase in serum hepatic alkaline phosphatase activity. Concomitant occurrence of hydropic degeneration of hepatocytes indicated that these biochemical and morphologic changes were associated with dietary protein restriction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1508-1519
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume45
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 1984

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