Evaluating measures of semantic similarity and relatedness to disambiguate terms in biomedical text

Bridget T. McInnes, Ted Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: In this article, we evaluate a knowledge-based word sense disambiguation method that determines the intended concept associated with an ambiguous word in biomedical text using semantic similarity and relatedness measures. These measures quantify the degree of similarity or relatedness between concepts in the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). The objective of this work is to develop a method that can disambiguate terms in biomedical text by exploiting similarity and relatedness information extracted from biomedical resources and to evaluate the efficacy of these measure on WSD. Method: We evaluate our method on a biomedical dataset (MSH-WSD) that contains 203 ambiguous terms and acronyms. Results: We show that information content-based measures derived from either a corpus or taxonomy obtain a higher disambiguation accuracy than path-based measures or relatedness measures on the MSH-WSD dataset. Availability: The WSD system is open source and freely available from http://search.cpan.org/dist/UMLS-SenseRelate/. The MSH-WSD dataset is available from the National Library of Medicine http://wsd.nlm.nih.gov.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1116-1124
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Informatics
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Biomedical documents
  • NLP
  • Natural language processing
  • Semantic similarity and relatedness
  • WSD
  • Word sense disambiguation

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