Evaluating automatic methods to extract patients' supplement use from clinical reports

Yadan Fan, Lu He, Rui Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The widespread prevalence of dietary supplements has drawn extensive attention due to the safety and efficacy issue. Clinical notes document a great amount of detailed information on dietary supplement usage, thus providing a rich source for clinical research on supplement safety surveillance. Identification the use status of dietary supplements is one of the initial steps for the ultimate goal of the supplement safety surveillance. In this study, we built rule-based and machine learning-based classifiers to automatically classify the use status of supplements into four categories: Continuing (C), Discontinued (D), Started (S), and Unclassified (U). In comparison to the machine learning classifier trained on the same datasets, the rule-based classifier showed a better performance with F-measure in the C, D, S, U status of 0.93, 0.98, 0.95, and 0.83, respectively. We further analyzed the errors generated by the rule-based classifier. The classifier can be potentially applied to extract supplement information from clinical notes for supporting research and clinical practice related to patient safety on supplement usage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
EditorsIllhoi Yoo, Jane Huiru Zheng, Yang Gong, Xiaohua Tony Hu, Chi-Ren Shyu, Yana Bromberg, Jean Gao, Dmitry Korkin
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1258-1261
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509030491
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2017
Event2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017 - Kansas City, United States
Duration: Nov 13 2017Nov 16 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
Volume2017-January

Other

Other2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City
Period11/13/1711/16/17

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institutes of Health, National Center for Complementary & Integrative Health Award (R01AT009457) (PI: Zhang), the University of Minnesota Clinical and Translational Science Award (8UL1TR000114) (PI: Blazer), and the University of Minnesota Grant-In-Aid award (PI: Zhang). The authors thank Fairview Health Services for data access support of this research.

Keywords

  • Clinical Notes
  • Electronic Health records
  • Machine Learning
  • Natural Language Processing

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