Ethnic/racial differences in weight-related concerns and behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: Findings from Project EAT

Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Jillian Croll, Mary Story, Peter J. Hannan, Simone A. French, Cheryl Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

372 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare weight-related concerns and behaviors across ethnicity/race among a population-based sample of adolescent boys and girls. Methods: The study population included 4746 adolescents from urban public schools in the state of Minnesota who completed surveys and anthropometric measurements as part of Project EAT (Eating Among Teens), a population-based study focusing on eating patterns and weight concerns among teenagers. Main outcome measures included measured body mass index (BMI), weight-related concerns (perceived weight status, weight disparity, body satisfaction and attitudes about weight control) and weight-related behaviors (general/specific weight control behaviors and binge eating). Results: In comparison to White girls, African American girls tended to report fewer weight-related concerns/behaviors, while Hispanic, Asian American and Native American girls tended to report similar or more concerns/behaviors. Among boys, weight-related concerns/behaviors were equally or more prevalent among all non-Whites than among Whites. In particular, African American and Asian American boys were at greater risk for potentially harmful weight-related concerns/behaviors than White boys. Conclusions: Weight-related concerns and behaviors are prevalent among adolescents, regardless of their ethnic/racial background, indicating a need for prevention and treatment efforts that reach adolescents of different ethnic backgrounds. However, ethnic differences demonstrate a need for ensuring that the specific needs of different groups are addressed in the development of such interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)963-974
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Body image
  • Dieting
  • Disordered eating
  • Eating disorders
  • Ethnicity
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Race

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