Ethnic/racial attitudes and self-identification of black Jamaican and White New England children

Phebe Cramer, Gail Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


A total of 411 children from urban and rural areas of Jamaica and from rural New England were examined by both White and Black interviewers for their skin color and body size preferences and for self-identification, using a modified dolls test. Overall, children from all three communities showed White favoritism and average body size favoritism. Within communities, there were age and gender differences. Kindergartners from rural Jamaica did not show skin color or body size bias, and White fifth/sixth graders from New England showed reverse, pro-Black and pro-chubby favoritism. In Jamaica, boys displayed more bias than girls. Correct racial self-identification was greater among New England than Jamaican children, possibly related to the choice of White as an ideal self among some Jamaican children. Examiner skin color influenced both color and body size preference; self-identification was influenced by examiner skin color only among the rural Jamaican children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-416
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Skin color and body size preference
  • U.S. and Jamaican children


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