Ethnic and racial comparisons of weight-loss treatment utilization history and outcomes in patients with obesity and binge-eating disorder

Jaime A. Coffino, Valentina Ivezaj, Rachel D. Barnes, Marney A. White, Brian P. Pittman, Carlos M. Grilo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study examined ethnic/racial differences in reported utilization of weight-loss methods/treatments and weight loss among adults with binge-eating disorder (BED) with co-existing obesity. Methods: Participants were 400 adults (non-Hispanic Black: n = 99, Hispanic: n = 38, non-Hispanic White: n = 263) seeking treatment for BED in Connecticut from 2007 to 2012. Participants were asked about prior weight-loss methods/treatments and resulting weight losses. Results: Overall, self-help diets were utilized most; mental-health services were utilized least. While non-significant differences for most methods/treatments were observed by ethnicity/race, significant differences emerged for self-help diets and supervised programs with non-Hispanic Whites, in general, utilizing these diets more frequently and losing more weight on these types of diets. Conclusions: Among treatment-seeking patients with BED and obesity, non-Hispanic White patients reported histories of greater weight-loss treatment utilization and weight loss than non-White patients for supervised and self-help diets. Findings highlight the need for greater understanding of treatment utilization and outcomes among minority patients with obesity and BED.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101594
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume44
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by National Institutes of Health grants R01 DK49587 , R01 DK112771 , and R01 DK114075 . The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Outside the submitted work, Dr. Grilo reports grants from National Institutes of Health and royalties from Guilford Press and Taylor and Francis Publishing.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Binge-eating disorder
  • Eating disorders
  • Ethnicity
  • Obesity
  • Race
  • Treatment
  • Weight loss

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ethnic and racial comparisons of weight-loss treatment utilization history and outcomes in patients with obesity and binge-eating disorder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this