Ethical business cultures: A literature review and implications for HRD

Alexandre Ardichvili, Douglas Jondle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be learned and internalized as a result of work-based interpretive interactions, and this learning process constitutes an important part of organizational learning. Therefore, to help the organization develop an ethical culture, HRD needs to play a key role in several interrelated activities which include: culture change efforts, focused on the creation of conditions, conducive to ethical behaviors; creation of a dynamic program of ethical training for employees on all levels of the organization; and development of up-to-date codes of ethics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-244
Number of pages22
JournalHuman Resource Development Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009


  • Business ethics
  • Ethical business culture
  • Organizational culture


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