The influence of estradiol (E2) treatment on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) nociceptive processing in the caudal trigeminal sensory brain stem complex was assessed in ovariectomized female rats by quantitative Fos-immunoreactivity (Fos-LI). After 2 days of daily injections of high (HE2) or low (LE2) dose E2 rats were anesthetized and the small fiber excitant, mustard oil (MO, 0-20%), was injected into the TMJ and after 2 h brains were processed for Fos-LI. TMJ-evoked Fos-LI in laminae I-II at the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis/upper cervical cord (Vc/C1-2) junction and the dorsal paratrigeminal region (dPa5) was significantly greater in HE2 than LE2 rats, while Fos-LI produced at the ventral trigeminal interpolaris/caudalis transition region (Vi/Vcvl) was similar. E2 treatment also modified the influence of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) and AMPA receptor antagonists on TMJ-evoked Fos-LI. The NMDA antagonist, MK-801, dose-dependently reduced the Fos-LI response at the Vc/C1-2 junction in HE2 rats, while only high dose MK-801 was effective in LE2 rats. MK801 reduced equally the Fos-LI response at the Vi/Vc transition in both groups, while only minor effects were seen at the dPa5 region. The AMPA receptor antagonist, NBQX, reduced Fos-LI at the Vc/C1-2 and Vi/Vcvl regions in HE2 rats, while only high dose NBQX was effective in LE2 rats. NBQX did not reduce Fos-LI at the dPa5 region in either group. These results suggest that estrogen status plays a significant role in TMJ nociceptive processing at the Vc/C1-2 junction mediated, in part, through ionotropic glutamate receptor-dependent mechanisms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Oct 15 2008|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the NIDCR (DE12758).
- AMPA receptor
- NMDA receptor
- mustard oil
- trigeminal subnucleus caudalis