The cochlea is where sound vibrations are transduced into the initial neural code for hearing. Despite the intervening stages of auditory processing, a surprising number of auditory perceptual phenomena can be explained in terms of the cochlea's biomechanical transformations. The quest to relate perception to these transformations has a long and distinguished history. Given its long history, it is perhaps surprising that something as fundamental as the link between frequency tuning in the cochlea and perception remains a controversial and active topic of investigation. Here we review some recent developments in our understanding of the relationship between cochlear frequency tuning and behavioral measures of frequency selectivity in humans. We show that forward masking using the notched-noise technique can produce reliable estimates of tuning that are in line with predictions from stimulus frequency otoacoustic emissions.