Estimating facets of psychopathy from normal personality traits: A step toward community epidemiological investigations

Stephen D. Benning, Christopher J. Patrick, Daniel M. Blonigen, Brian M. Hicks, William G Iacono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

227 Scopus citations

Abstract

In three samples consisting of community and undergraduate men and women and incarcerated men, we examined the criterion validity of two distinct factors of psychopathy embodied in the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI) as indexed by primary trait scales from the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ). Consistent with the PPI factors themselves, MPQ-estimated PPI-I related negatively with internalizing disorder symptoms and fearfulness and positively with thrill and adventure seeking, sociability, activity, and narcissism. MPQ-estimated PPI-II was associated negatively with socialization and positively with externalizing disorder symptoms, impulsivity, disinhibition and boredom susceptibility, and trait anxiety and negative emotionality. Additionally, PPI-I was selectively related to the interpersonal facet of Factor 1 of the Psychopathy Checklist - Revised (PCL-R), whereas PPI-II was related preferentially to Factor 2 of the PCL-R.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-18
Number of pages16
JournalAssessment
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Construct validity
  • Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire
  • Personality
  • Psychopathic Personality Inventory
  • Psychopathy
  • Self-report

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