Estimating and scaling stream ecosystem metabolism along channels with heterogeneous substrate

Miki Hondzo, Vaughan R Voller, Mark Morris, Efi Foufoula-Georgiou, Jacques C Finlay, Vamsi Ganti, Mary E. Power

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measured diurnal curves of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration have been used to estimate the gross primary production (GPP), ecosystem respiration (R), and net ecosystem production (NP) of aquatic communities. Open-system one-station and two-station methods have been employed to estimate the rate of NP, R, and GPP. We conducted field measurements in Minnehaha Creek, MN (44o56'N, 93o28'W), to quantify the spatial and temporal variabilities of DO concentrations and, consequently, evaluated the estimates of NP. Dimensionless analysis of DO mass balance revealed the dominance of local photosynthesis over respiration, advection, re-aeration, and dispersion along the studied reach. Two alternative estimation methods of stream metabolism provided similar estimates of NP with 0.65>kaTa>0.17 within the studied reach where ka is the re-aeration rate and Ta is the water parcel average travel time. The spatial variability of DO change along the creek revealed an average length scale of 10m over which DO exhibited significant autocorrelation. The autotrophic-heterotrophic balance, quantified by GPP to R ratio, scaled with local stream geomorphic and hydraulic conditions from diverse geographic areas, providing useful predictive relationships expressed in terms of easily measurable abiotic parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-688
Number of pages10
JournalEcohydrology
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

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net ecosystem production
dissolved oxygen
metabolism
substrate
ecosystems
ecosystem
primary production
primary productivity
aeration
respiration
aquatic communities
ecosystem respiration
aquatic community
estimation method
autocorrelation
cell respiration
travel
travel time
mass balance
photosynthesis

Keywords

  • Fluid mechanics
  • Gross primary production
  • Photosynthesis
  • Respiration

Cite this

Estimating and scaling stream ecosystem metabolism along channels with heterogeneous substrate. / Hondzo, Miki; Voller, Vaughan R; Morris, Mark; Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi; Finlay, Jacques C; Ganti, Vamsi; Power, Mary E.

In: Ecohydrology, Vol. 6, No. 4, 01.08.2013, p. 679-688.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hondzo, Miki ; Voller, Vaughan R ; Morris, Mark ; Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi ; Finlay, Jacques C ; Ganti, Vamsi ; Power, Mary E. / Estimating and scaling stream ecosystem metabolism along channels with heterogeneous substrate. In: Ecohydrology. 2013 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 679-688.
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