Establishing the incidence and timing of hypoglycemia at a residential diabetes camp

Elizabeth A. Mann, Scott Lunos, Elijah Carrel, Trevor Omann, Alyssa Halper, Anne Kogler, Bradley S. Miller, Muna Sunni, Melena D. Bellin, Brandon M. Nathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


AIMS: To establish the incidence and timing of hypoglycemia at a week-long residential diabetes camp for children. We hypothesized that hypoglycemia would occur more frequently during the first two days of camp and following evening all-camp games.

METHODS: 225 children (mean age 12.0 ± 2.3 years, 56% female, mean hemoglobin A1c 8.4% [71.6 mmol/mol]) had blood glucose (BG) levels obtained before meals, at bedtime, and as needed to detect hypoglycemia. Insulin adjustments were made by medical staff according to camp protocol and at the discretion of medical staff during camper check-in.

RESULTS: Mild hypoglycemia (BG 50-69 mg/dL [3.9 mmol/L]) occurred ≥ 1 time in 90% of campers while 43% had ≥ 1 episode of BG < 50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L). No episodes of hypoglycemia requiring glucagon occurred. More campers experienced ≥ 1 overnight hypoglycemia event during the first 48 hours of camp compared to later in the week (p = 0.01). Evening all-camp games did not impact hypoglycemia rates overnight.

CONCLUSIONS: Nocturnal hypoglycemia occurred more frequently during the first two nights, establishing this period as high risk and supporting implementation of a standard protocol to lower insulin doses. Rates of hypoglycemia were unaffected by all-camp games, indicating current practices are effective at minimizing hypoglycemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-151
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
StatePublished - May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • Diabetes camp
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Protocols
  • Quality improvement
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Hypoglycemia/diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Incidence
  • Time Factors
  • Female
  • Camping
  • Child

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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