Equality of opportunity in educational achievement in the Middle East and North Africa

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, Nadia Belhaj Hassine, Ragui Assaad

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper is an empirical investigation of inequality of education opportunities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). We use student scores from tests administered by the international consortium Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) for a number of MENA countries and over time since 1999 to estimate the effect of circumstances children are born into on their academic achievement in science and mathematics. We find that inequality of opportunities explains a significant part of the inequality in educational achievements in most MENA countries, but there is ample heterogeneity. Family background variables are the most important determinants of inequality in achievement, followed by community characteristics. The results show that, despite great efforts in past decades to invest in free public education, most MENA countries are less opportunity equal in educational achievement than European countries, and several are less so than Latin America and the United States. From the variation in inequality of education opportunities across countries and over time we draw lessons on the influence of different education systems or changes in policy on equality of opportunity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)489-515
    Number of pages27
    JournalJournal of Economic Inequality
    Volume12
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 7 2014

    Fingerprint

    North Africa
    East Africa
    Middle East
    equality
    equal opportunity
    mathematics studies
    science studies
    public education
    academic achievement
    education system
    Latin America
    education
    mathematics
    determinants
    Middle East and North Africa
    Equality of opportunity
    Education
    trend
    science
    community

    Keywords

    • Education
    • Equality of opportunity
    • Middle East and North Africa

    Cite this

    Equality of opportunity in educational achievement in the Middle East and North Africa. / Salehi-Isfahani, Djavad; Hassine, Nadia Belhaj; Assaad, Ragui.

    In: Journal of Economic Inequality, Vol. 12, No. 4, 07.11.2014, p. 489-515.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Salehi-Isfahani, Djavad ; Hassine, Nadia Belhaj ; Assaad, Ragui. / Equality of opportunity in educational achievement in the Middle East and North Africa. In: Journal of Economic Inequality. 2014 ; Vol. 12, No. 4. pp. 489-515.
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