Epigenetics in the Developmental Origin of Cardiovascular Disorders

Jeffrey S. Gilbert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The "developmental origins of health and disease" (DOHaD) hypothesis derives from robust clinical and experimental observations indicating long-term health consequences for persons of low birth weight and compromised fetal development. Several themes have emerged, such as the presence of critical periods of vulnerability (in utero and ex utero), the presence of sex differences, and the emerging importance of epigenetic phenomena in the progression and development of cardiovascular disease. Despite compelling findings in recent studies, much remains unclear regarding the exact mechanisms and the specific roles of various epigenetic pathways in the developmental origins of cardiovascular disease. Recognizing the impact of epigenetic modifications at different critical periods of programming uniquely situates research in this area to provide significant insights into the development and progression of many cardiovascular abnormalities and diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages127-141
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780128013830
ISBN (Print)9780128016725
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author regrets that because of space limitations we have been unable to cite all the primary literature in the field. The authors’ work has been supported in part by grants from the American Heart Association (10SDG2600040), the National Institutes of Health (HL109843, HD079547, HL114096), the American Physiological Society, and the University of Minnesota.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Copyright:
Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Fetal programming
  • Fetus
  • Heart
  • Pregnancy

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