Epigallocatechin-gallate suppresses tumorigenesis by directly targeting Pin1

Darya V. Urusova, Jung Hyun Shim, Dong Joon Kim, Sung Keun Jung, Tatiana Zykova, Andria Carper, Ann M. Bode, Zigang Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations


The most active anticancer component in green tea is epigallocatechin-3- gallate (EGCG). The human peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerase (Pin1) plays a critical role in oncogenic signaling. Herein, we report the X-ray crystal structure of the Pin1/EGCGcomplex resolved at 1.9Å resolution.Notably, the structure revealed the presence of EGCG in both the WWand PPIase domains of Pin1. The direct binding of EGCG with Pin1 was confirmed and the interaction inhibited Pin1 PPIase activity. In addition, proliferation of cells expressing Pin1was inhibited and tumorgrowth in a xenograftmousemodel was suppressed. The binding of EGCGwith Arg17 in the WW domain prevented the binding of c-Jun, a well-known Pin1 substrate. EGCG treatment corresponded with a decreased abundance of cyclin D1 and diminution of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-l3-acetate- induced AP-1 or NF-κB promoter activity in cells expressing Pin1. Overall, these results showed that EGCG directly suppresses the tumor-promoting effect of Pin1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1366-1377
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2011


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