Exposure of A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells to epidermal growth factor (EGF), bradykinin and histamine resulted in a time- and concentration-dependent accumulation of the inositol phosphates (InsP) inositol monophosphate, inositol bisphosphate, and inositol trisphosphate (InsP3). Maximal concentrations of EGF (316 ng/ml; ~ 50 nM), bradykinin (1 μM), and histamine (1 mM) resulted in 3-, 6-, and 3-fold increases, respectively, in the amounts of inositol phosphates formed over a 10-min period. The K0.5 values for stimulation were approximately 10 nM, 3 nM, and 10 μM for EGF, bradykinin, and histamine, respectively. EGF and bradykinin stimulated the rapid accumulation of the two isomers of InsP3, Ins(1,3,4)P3, and Ins(1,4,5)P3 as determined by high performance liquid chromatography analysis; maximal accumulation of Ins(1,4,5)P3 occurred within 15 s. EGF and bradykinin also stimulated a rapid (maximal levels attained within 30 s after addition of hormone) and a sustained 4- and 6-fold rise, respectively, in cytosolic free Ca2+ levels as measured by Fura-2 fluorescence. EGF and bradykinin also produced a rapid, although transient, 3- and 5-fold increase, respectively, in cytosolic free Ca2+ after chelation of extracellular Ca2+ with 3 mM EGTA. These data are consistent with the idea that EGF elevates intracellular Ca2+ levels in A431 cells, at least in part, as a result of the rapid formation of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and the consequential release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 15 1987|