Environmental Equity: The Demographics of Dumping

Douglas L. Anderton, Andy B. Anderson, John Michael Oakes, Michael R. Fraser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

378 Scopus citations


Research addressing "environmental equity" and "environmental racism" claims that facilities for treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous wastes (TSDFs) are located disproportionately in minority areas. In the first comprehensive study of TSDFs to use census tract-level data, we find no nationally consistent and statistically significant differences between the racial or ethnic composition of tracts which contain commercial TSDFs and those which do not. TSDFs are more likely to be found in tracts with Hispanic groups, primarily in regions with the greatest percentage of Hispanics. Different geographic units of analysis elaborate on, but are consistent with, these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-248
Number of pages20
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1994


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