Entrustable professional activities for pharmacy practice

Amy L Pittenger, Scott A Chapman, Caitlin K Frail, Jean Y Moon, Megan R Undeberg, Jordan H. Orzoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


The profession of pharmacy is facing a shifting health system context that holds both opportunity and risk. If the profession of pharmacy is to advance, pharmacists must be recognized as a consistent member of the health care team in all clinical settings, contributing at the fullest extent of licensure and education. One part of achieving this broad goal is to implement a new way of defining and assessing pharmacy practice skills, such as entrustable professional activities (EPA). Assessment of professional tasks and practice activities with EPAs has been successfully implemented in medical education for assessing trainee preparation for practice. This EPA model is being applied to pharmacy education to develop an assessment framework across the advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) curriculum. The APPE course directors, practice faculty members, and the Office of Experiential Education collaboratively defined a set of universal EPAs critical for pharmacists in any practice setting and would be assessed in all practice experience types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. All rights reserved.


  • Curricular milestones
  • Entrustable professional activities
  • Experiential education
  • Graduation performance assessment


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