Entrance pressure drop studies of corn meal dough during extrusion cooking

M. Bhattacharya, K. Seethamraju, M. Padmanabhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The entrance pressure drop during extrusion cooking of corn grits was measured using a cylindrical die viscometer attached to a single screw extruder and compared with results obtained using low‐density polyethylene (LDPE). The cylindrical die viscometer had a length to diameter ratio of 40 with half‐entry angles of 30, 37.5, 45 and 90° with the horizontal. The entrance pressure drop at the die was measured as a function of extrusion temperature, product moisture content and the die entry angle. Results indicate that the flow behavior of corn grits and the entrance pressure drop were affected by product moisture content, process temperature and the shear history in the extruder. Entrance pressure drop also increased with wall shear stress for plastic melt, but for food biopolymer, the increase was observed provided shear history effects were minimized. Entrance correction increased with apparent shear rate for LDPE, but the reverse was true for corn meal. Using Cogswell's analysis, corn grits exhibit severe extension thinning behavior in entry flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1187-1195
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Volume34
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1994

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