Enthalpy-porosity technique for modeling convection-diffusion phase change: Application to the melting of a pure metal

A. D. Brent, V. R. Voller, K. J. Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The melting of pure gallium in a rectangular cavity has been numerically investigated using the enthalpy-porosity approach for modeling combined convection-diffusion phase change. The major advantage of this technique is that it allows a fixed-grid solution of the coupled momentum and energy equations to be undertaken without resorting to variable transformations. In this work, a two-dimensional dynamic model is used and the influence of laminar natural-convection flow on the melting process is considered. Excellent agreement exists between the numerical predictions and experimental results available in the literature. The enthalpy-porosity approach has been found to converge rapidly, and is capable of producing accurate results for both the position and morphology of the melt front at different times with relatively modest computational requirements. These results may be taken to be a sound validation of this technique for modeling isothermal phase changes in metallurgical systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-318
Number of pages22
JournalNumerical heat transfer
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1988

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