Enhanced stimulation of human tumor-specific T cells by dendritic cells matured in the presence of interferon-γ and multiple toll-like receptor agonists

Tanja Lövgren, Dhifaf Sarhan, Iva Truxová, Bhavesh Choudhary, Roeltje Maas, Jeroen Melief, Maria Nyström, Ulrika Edbäck, Renee Vermeij, Gina Scurti, Michael Nishimura, Giuseppe Masucci, Alex Karlsson-Parra, Andreas Lundqvist, Lars Adamson, Rolf Kiessling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dendritic cell (DC) vaccines have been demonstrated to elicit immunological responses in numerous cancer immunotherapy trials. However, long-lasting clinical effects are infrequent. We therefore sought to establish a protocol to generate DC with greater immunostimulatory capacity. Immature DC were generated from healthy donor monocytes by culturing in the presence of IL-4 and GM-CSF and were further differentiated into mature DC by the addition of cocktails containing different cytokines and toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists. Overall, addition of IFNγ and the TLR7/8 agonist R848 during maturation was essential for the production of high levels of IL-12p70 which was further augmented by adding the TLR3 agonist poly I:C. In addition, the DC matured with IFNγ, R848, and poly I:C also induced upregulation of several other pro-inflammatory and Th1-skewing cytokines/chemokines, co-stimulatory receptors, and the chemokine receptor CCR7. For most cytokines and chemokines the production was even further potentiated by addition of the TLR4 agonist LPS. Concurrently, upregulation of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was modest. Most importantly, DC matured with IFNγ, R848, and poly I:C had the ability to activate IFNγ production in allogeneic T cells and this was further enhanced by adding LPS to the cocktail. Furthermore, epitope-specific stimulation of TCR-transduced T cells by peptide- or whole tumor lysate-loaded DC was efficiently stimulated only by DC matured in the full maturation cocktail containing IFNγ and the three TLR ligands R848, poly I:C, and LPS. We suggest that this cocktail is used for future clinical trials of anti-cancer DC vaccines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1333-1344
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Volume66
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Dendritic cell-vaccine
  • IFNγ
  • LPS
  • Poly I:C
  • R848

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