Enhanced immunogenicity of a bivalent nicotine vaccine

D. E. Keyler, S. A. Roiko, C. A. Earley, Michael P Murtaugh, Paul R Pentel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficacy of nicotine vaccines for smoking cessation is dependent upon their ability to elicit sufficiently high serum antibody concentrations. This study compared two nicotine immunogens representing different hapten presentations, 3′-aminomethyl nicotine conjugated to recombinant Pseudomonas exoprotein A (3′-AmNic-rEPA) and 6-carboxymethlureido nicotine conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (6-CMUNic-KLH), and assessed whether their concurrent administration would produce additive serum antibody concentrations in rats. Effects of vaccination on nicotine pharmacokinetics were also studied. Vaccination of rats with these immunogens produced non cross-reacting nicotine-specific antibodies (NicAb). Serum NicAb concentrations elicited by each individual immunogen were not affected by whether the immunogens were administered alone as monovalent vaccines or together as a bivalent vaccine. The total NicAb concentration in the bivalent vaccine group was additive compared to that of the monovalent vaccines alone. Higher serum NicAb concentrations, irrespective of which immunogen elicited the antibodies, were associated with greater binding of nicotine in serum, a lower unbound nicotine concentration in serum, and lower brain nicotine concentration. These results demonstrate that it is possible to design immunogens which provide distinct nicotine epitopes for immune presentation, and which produce additive serum antibody levels. The concurrent administration of these immunogens as a bivalent vaccine may provide a general strategy for enhancing the antibody response to small molecules such as nicotine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1589-1594
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • Bivalent
  • Immunogenicity
  • Immunotherapy
  • Nicotine
  • Vaccine

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