Enhanced dark hydrogen fermentation by addition of ferric oxide nanoparticles using Enterobacter aerogenes

Richen Lin, Jun Cheng, Lingkan Ding, Wenlu Song, Min Liu, Junhu Zhou, Kefa Cen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations


Ferric oxide nanoparticles (FONPs) were used to facilitate dark hydrogen fermentation using Enterobacter aerogenes. The hydrogen yield of glucose increased from 164.5 ± 2.29 to 192.4 ± 1.14 mL/g when FONPs concentration increased from 0 to 200 mg/L. SEM images of E. aerogenes demonstrated the existence of bacterial nanowire among cells, suggesting FONPs served as electron conduits to enhance electron transfer. TEM showed cellular internalization of FONPs, indicating hydrogenase synthesis and activity was potentially promoted due to the released iron element. When further increasing FONPs concentration to 400 mg/L, the hydrogen yield of glucose decreased to 147.2 ± 2.54 mL/g. Soluble metabolic products revealed FONPs enhanced acetate pathway of hydrogen production, but weakened ethanol pathway. This shift of metabolic pathways allowed more nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide for reducing proton to hydrogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation – China ( 51476141 ), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation – China ( LR14E060002 ), National Key Technology R&D Program – China ( 2015BAD21B01 ), and Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation – China ( ZR2014CL001 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Enterobacter aerogenes
  • Ferric oxide nanoparticles
  • Hydrogen fermentation


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