Background: We designed and implemented a new model of care, Enhanced Antenatal Care (EAC), which offers a combined approach to midwifery-led care with six one-to-one visits and four group sessions. Aim: To assess EAC in terms of women's satisfaction with care, autonomy in decision-making, and its effectiveness in lowering childbirth fear. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental controlled trial comparing 32 nulliparous women who received EAC (n = 32) and usual antenatal care (n = 60). We compared women's satisfaction with care and autonomy in decision-making post-intervention using chi-square test. We administered a Fear of Birth Scale pre- and post-intervention and assessed change in fear of birth in each group using the Cohen's d for effect size. To isolate the effect of EAC, we then restricted this analysis to women who did not attend classes alongside maternal care (n = 13 in EAC and n = 13 in usual care). Findings: Women's satisfaction with care in terms of monitoring their/their baby's health was similar in both groups. Women receiving EAC were more likely than those in usual care to report having received enough information about the postpartum period (75% vs 30%) and parenting (91% vs 55%). Overall, EAC was more effective than usual care in reducing fear of birth (Cohen's d = −0.21), especially among women not attending classes alongside antenatal care (Cohen's d = −0.83). Conclusion: This study is the first to report findings on EAC and suggests that this novel model may be beneficial in terms of providing education and support, as well as lowering childbirth fear.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was financially supported by the Doctoral Grants of the University of Iceland Research Fund (Rannsóknarsjóður Háskóla Íslands) .
- Enhanced Antenatal Care
- Fear of birth
- Group antenatal care