Energy metabolism in relation to skeletal muscle fibre properties during treadmill exercise

S. VALBERG, BIRGITTA ESSÉN‐GUSTAVSSON, A. LINDHOLM, S. PERSSON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The skeletal muscle metabolism of horses with a wide range of cardiocirculatory capacities was studied during a standardised near‐maximal exercise test in relation to muscle fibre composition. Although the same amount of work was performed by all horses the amount of triglycerides and glycogen utilised and lactate accumulated differed widely. Both blood and muscle lactate accumulation were positively related to the amount of glycogen utilised. These factors were in turn positively associated with the percentage of Type IIB fibres and consequently negatively associated with the percentage of Type IIA fibres. The percentage of Type IIB fibres was negatively correlated to the activities of the oxidative enzymes citrate synthase and 3‐hydroxyacyl‐CoA‐dehydrogenase and positively associated with the lactate dehydrogenase activity. The results indicate that the horses with a high proportion of Type IIB fibres had a lower muscle oxidative capacity and were, therefore, for energy production, more dependent upon glycolysis with subsequent lactate accumulation than horses which had a high proportion of Type IIA fibres. The different metabolic properties of the muscle fibre types indicate that the pattern of muscle fibre recruitment could have a significant effect on intramuscular substrate utilisation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalEquine veterinary journal
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1985
Externally publishedYes

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