Energy-Efficient Advanced Ultrafine Grinding of Particles Using Stirred Mills—A Review

Arvind Kumar, Rina Sahu, Sunil Kumar Tripathy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The present literature review explores the energy-efficient ultrafine grinding of particles using stirred mills. The review provides an overview of the different techniques for size reduction and the impact of energy requirements on the choice of stirred mills. It also discusses the factors, including the design, operating parameters, and feed material properties, influencing the grinding performance. The review concludes that stirred mills have significant potential for achieving the energy-efficient ultrafine grinding of particles. Stirred mills have unique designs and operations, which provide higher grinding efficiency, lower energy consumption, and reduced media consumption compared to traditional tumbling mills. The review highlights the advantages of stirred mills over conventional grinding methods and their potential to revolutionise industrial processes while lowering the environmental impacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5277
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 10 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • energy efficiency
  • grinding media
  • horizontal media mill
  • particle size distribution
  • stirred media mills
  • ultrafine grinding
  • vertical media mill


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