Energy drinks and alcohol: Links to alcohol behaviors and consequences across 56 days

Megan E. Patrick, Jennifer L. Maggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To examine short-term consequences associated with consuming alcohol and energy drinks compared with consuming alcohol without energy drinks. Methods A longitudinal measurement-burst design (14-day bursts of daily surveys in four consecutive college semesters) captured both within-person variation across occasions and between-person differences across individuals. The analytic sample of late adolescent alcohol users included 4,203 days with alcohol use across up to four semesters per person from 508 college students. Results Adding energy drink use to a given day with alcohol use was associated with an increase in number of alcoholic drinks, a trend toward more hours spent drinking, elevated estimated blood alcohol content (eBAC), a greater likelihood of subjective intoxication, and more negative consequences of drinking that day. After controlling for eBAC, energy drink use no longer predicted subjective intoxication but was still associated with a greater number of negative consequences. Conclusions The consumption of energy drinks may lead to increases in alcohol consumption and, after controlling for eBAC, negative consequences. Use of energy drinks plus alcohol represents an emerging threat to public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)454-459
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism funded the University Life Study ( R01 AA019606 to J.L.M.) and the preparation of this manuscript ( R21 AA021426 to M.E.P.).

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Blood alcohol
  • College
  • Consequences
  • Daily
  • Drinking
  • Energy drink

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