Energy and moiré patterns in 2D bilayers in translation and rotation: A study using an efficient discrete–continuum interlayer potential

Kuan Zhang, Ellad B. Tadmor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Layered 2D materials consist of a stack of 2D materials interacting weakly via van der Walls (vdW) forces. The vdW interactions are modeled using long-range interlayer potentials, such as Lennard-Jones (LJ) and Kolmogorov–Crespi (KC), that are expensive to compute in atomistic and multiscale simulations. We propose a discrete–continuum (DC) effective potential for LJ and KC that includes full atomistic resolution in the short range and a continuum integral approximation outside. This reduces the computational cost by two orders of magnitude while retaining excellent accuracy. With this method, we examine the relation between stacking states and interlayer energy of a graphene bilayer under relative in-plane translations and rotations. We compare the performance of LJ and KC and characterize the moiré patterns under rotation. We find that the energy of an infinite graphene bilayer is constant with rotation (with discontinuities at special angles) and explain this in terms of the moiré pattern supercell. We also find that the saddle point (SP) stacking configuration becomes the stable ground state (as opposed to AB stacking) when the bilayer is compressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalExtreme Mechanics Letters
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Graphene
  • Interlayer energy
  • Moiré pattern
  • Van der Waals

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