Endpoints of resuscitation: What are they anyway?

George S. Tseng, Michael H. Wall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Hemodynamic optimization of surgical patients during and after surgery in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit is meant to improve outcomes. These outcomes have been measured by Length Of Stay (LOS), rate of infection, days on ventilator, etc. Unfortunately, the adaptation of modern technology to accomplish this has been slow in coming. Ever since Shoemaker described in 1988 using a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) to guide fluid and inotropic administration to deliver supranormal tissue oxygenation, many authors have written about different techniques to achieve this "hemodynamic optimization". Since the PAC and CVC have both gone out of favor for utilization to monitor and improve hemodynamics, many clinicians have resorted using the easy to use static measurements of blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and urine output. In this paper, the authors will review why these static measurements are no longer adequate and review some of the newer technology that have been studied and proven useful. This review of newer technologies combined with laboratory measurements that have also proven to help guide the clinician, may provide the impetus to adopt new strategies in the operating rooms (OR) and SICU.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-362
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 8 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2014.


  • analgesia
  • critical care
  • intensive care unit
  • monitoring
  • near infrared spectroscopy


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