Endoscopic cold incision, balloon dilation, mitomycin C application, and steroid injection for adult laryngotracheal stenosis

Noah P. Parker, Dipankar Bandyopadhyay, Stephanie N Misono, George Goding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Objectives/Hypothesis: To describe the presentation, stenosis characteristics, etiological differences, and outcomes of adult laryngotracheal stenosis treated with endoscopic cold incision, balloon dilation, topical mitomycin C application, and steroid injection. Study Design: Retrospective chart review. Methods: Demographic and clinical data were extracted for patients treated between March 2000 and December 2010. Prolonged intubation and idiopathic patient data were utilized for comparative analysis. Results: Eighty patients (65 females; 15 males; 220 procedures; 2.9 years mean follow-up) presented with dyspnea (81%) and/or exercise intolerance (40%). Most commonly, etiologies were idiopathic (53 of 80; 66%) or prolonged intubation (14 of 80; 18%). Mean procedures per patient and interval between procedures were 2.8 procedures and 405 days, respectively. Mean stenosis length and distance from the caudal phonating edge of the true vocal folds were 9 mm and 19 mm. Complication, tracheotomy, and open-procedure rates were 1.8%, 1.4%, and 10.0%, respectively. Patients with more than two procedures demonstrated a mean 4-mm reduction in stenosis length and a 2-mm cephalad progression of stenosis over time. More caudal stenoses required more frequent procedures. Procedures were less frequent as more procedures were performed. Stenosis characteristics, interval between procedures, and total procedures were similar between idiopathic patients with or without intubation histories, but different between idiopathic and prolonged intubation patients. Conclusions: This procedure was shown to be a viable option in adult laryngotracheal stenosis. Repeat dilation was likely, but was performed without adversely affecting stenosis characteristics. Stenoses farther from the vocal folds required procedures more frequently. Idiopathic patients with a history of brief, elective intubation had stenosis characteristics and responses to therapy similar to idiopathic patients without an intubation history. Both idiopathic groups together demonstrated stenosis characteristics and responses to therapy dissimilar to patients with a history of prolonged intubation. Laryngoscope, 2013

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Level of Evidence: 4
  • Subglottis
  • balloon
  • endoscopic
  • mitomycin C
  • stenosis
  • steroid
  • trachea


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