A high incidence of luteal phase defect (LPD) has been reported using subcutaneous pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone for induction of ovulation. We reviewed all patients treated with the combination of subcutaneous pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone during the follicular phase and human chorionic gonadotropin during the luteal phase (GnRH-hCG) who underwent endometrial biopsy during a treatment cycle. All of these patients had biopsy-proven LPD which persited despite traditional therapy with progesterone vaginal suppositories and/or clomiphene citrate. The mean number of biopsies out of phase per patient prior to GnRH-hCG treatment was 2.8 ± 0.2 (± SEM). When treated with GnRH-hCG, 15/16 patients (94%) showed a normal endometrial biopsy. The probability of this result occurring by chance alone allowing for a 50% treatment independent correction rate is <.001. These results show that the combination of subcutaneous pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone and luteal-phase human chorionic gonadotropin can result in normal endometrial maturation in a high percentage of cycles when administered as described. It appears in normal endometrial maturation in a high percentage of cyles when administered as described. It appears to be an effective alternative to traditional treatment modalities for luteal phase defect should one be needed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Fertility|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|