Endogenous phosphates on liver glycogen synthase D and synthase I. Studies on the number and location.

A. W. Tan, F. Q. Nuttall

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Abstract

Synthase D and synthase I of high specific activity have been isolated from rabbit liver, with subunit Mr = 78,000 and 85,000, respectively. Minor bands of Mr = 78,000 and 71,000 were also observed, and these were shown to be proteolytic products containing synthase activity. Incubation with trypsin resulted in no activity changes, but there was a conversion of synthase I to the Mr = 78,000 species. Incubation with chymotrypsin produced no change in total synthase activity, but both enzymes were converted to the Mr = 71,000 species. Synthase I, after chymotrypsin treatment, became dependent on glucose-6-P for activity. Kinetic studies indicated that the chymotrypsin-treated synthase D and synthase I were not the same species. Synthase D contained 5.7 mol of alkali-labile phosphate/subunit and synthase I, 2.9 mol/subunit. With trypsin treatment there was little loss of phosphate from synthase. With chymotrypsin treatment, there was a loss of 3.1 and 1.5 mol of phosphate/subunit from synthase D and I, respectively. Some conversion to synthase I still occurred when chymotrypsin-treated synthase D was incubated with crude extract, suggesting that the phosphates which remained were still removable by synthase phosphatase. The presence of additional alkali-stable phosphates was indicated when the synthase samples were ashed. The total phosphates were 17.3 mol/subunit for synthase D and 13.4 mol/subunit for synthase I. Our results indicate that the liver synthase enzymes are highly phosphorylated and extremely susceptible to endogenous and exogenous proteolysis. The alkali-labile phosphates are distributed in chymotrypsin-sensitive as well as chymotrypsin-insensitive sites. Both sites are involved in the conversion of synthase D to synthase I.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9624-9630
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume258
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 25 1983

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